Wednesday, January 27, 2021



Bushehr, a port city located along southwestern Iran, offers amazing tourist attractions. The history of Bushehr dates back to the Sassanid era. Beautiful beaches, lush palm groves, and historical monuments make it an attractive destination for world travelers.

The historical and architectural monuments of Bushehr include Islamic buildings like mosques and praying centers, mansions, old towers, castles, as well as gardens.

When it comes to cultural attractions, there are many historical mounds in Bushehr including Tall-e Khandaq with Sassanid architectural style and Tall-e Marv located near an Achaemenid Palace. These mounds and relics, especially archaeological ones, are the attractions that world travelers love to see among various ancient sites.

In Bushehr, in addition to the spectacular monuments, the local foods such as Qaliyeh Mahi (a local food with fish), Qaliyeh Meygooo (a local food with shrimp) and Qaliyeh Bushehri are quite yummy.

Geography of Bushehr

Bandar-e Bushehr, which literally means Bushehr Port, is a peninsula located on the central district of Bushehr County bounded by the Persian Gulf from north, west, and south. The port is located at an altitude of 18 meters above sea level. The average annual temperature is 25°C and the average annual precipitation is 220 mm.

This port has a warm semi-desert climate. An important climatic feature of Bushehr Province is its sultry weather. The humidity caused by the Persian Gulf in the coastal region of Bushehr Province prevents the decrease in temperature in winter and its excessive increase in summer.

As a result, the day and night temperature differences and seasonal temperature differences in this province are low. Considering all this, the best season to travel to Bushehr is autumn, winter, and early spring.

For traveling to Bushehr, there are various options:

  • In private car

Bushehr is 1,050 km far away from Tehran and it takes around 12 hours to travel from Tehran to Bushehr by car. The distance between Shiraz and Bushehr is 295 km and it takes about 4 hours from Shiraz to Bushehr by car. Bushehr is also 445 km away from Ahvaz and 297 km from Yasuj.

  • By bus

Traveling from Tehran to Bushehr is possible by bus through the highway called “Persian Gulf”, passing through Isfahan and then Yasuj. Traveling to Bushehr by car or bus is too long, and it is highly recommended if you enjoy a long and adventurous road trip. Tehran to Bushehr buses leaves from the south, west and Beyhaqi Bus Terminals of Tehran.

Due to the importance of Bushehr, there are daily interurban buses from most of the city of Iran to Bushehr.

  • By train

The railway of Shiraz-Bushehr-Assalouyeh is now under construction. Currently, it is not possible to travel directly to Bushehr by train. However, you can use Shiraz or Bandar Abbas trains passing through Bushehr. It takes about 5 hours from Shiraz to Bushehr and 10 hours from Bandar Abbas to Bushehr by train.

  • By airplane

Bushehr has an international airport, which is one of the three old airports in Iran. This airport has flights to Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia and the Arab states of Persian Gulf, such as the United Arab Emirates. There are domestic flights from Bushehr to Tehran, Kish Island, Isfahan, Shiraz, Mashhad, Assalouyeh and Khark.

An important feature of this airport is that there is no accident reported there. The flight from Tehran to Bushehr takes about 1 hour and 30 minutes.

  • By ship

The most important ports of Bushehr Province are Bandar-e Bushehr, Bandar-e Ganaveh, Bandar-e Deylam, Bandar-e Rig, Bandar-e Deyr, Bandar-e Kangan, Bandar-e Nakhl Taqi, and Bandar-e Assalouyeh.

Bushehr port has 7 docks with total length of more than 1,170 meters. It has the capacity to accept the ships of 15,000 tons of weight and to disembark and load more than 3 million tons of goods per year. Valfajr Travel Dock is used for cargo and passenger transportation between the province and the Persian Gulf States.

Population and Economy of Bushehr

According to the 2016 Iranian census, the population of Bushehr was 223,504 people. The major occupation of the local people is fishing, shipbuilding, and export. This province has strategic and economic importance for the following reasons:

  • Its location on the strategic coast of the Persian Gulf;
  • Export and import through the sea;
  • Fishing industry;
  • Petroleum and gas reserves (South and North Pars);
  • Agriculture and palm tree planting; and
  • Existence of a nuclear power plant.

In other words, Bushehr is the capital of Iranian nuclear energy as it is the only Iranian city in which the first nuclear power plant has been built.

Bandar-e Bushehr Special Economic Zone and Pars Special Economic Energy Zone are the industrial areas active in the city.

History of Bushehr

This city has got plenty of cultural attractions because it has a long history and a very rich culture. The construction of Bushehr is attributed to Ardeshir I, the founder of the Sassanid Empire. Ardeshir Babakan has mentioned in his book, Karnamak, the name of a port called Bokht Ardeshir. Along with other documents, this book shows the importance of the Persian Gulf for the early Sassanid kings.

The port became so thriving in that period that it changed into a major rival for the port of Basra. After that, the Sassanid government allowed the publishing of Bushehr currency in the form of banknotes. This was a privilege for this port until the foundation of Shahi Bank.

When Macedonians conquered Persia and the Seleucids started ruling in Iran, this city was known as Antiochia. From this point, Antiochus began expanding its eastern borders in approximately early 200 B.C.

Later, when Christianity came to Iran, the Nestorian Church launched its penetration into Iranian territories from Bushehr.

Bandar-e Bushehr was one of the first centers of the lithography industry. Later, the city became a pioneer in ice and electricity industries. The people of Bushehr were the first Iranian people who become familiar with publications and magazines.

Due to its prosperity and special location, the first foreign business company representatives and consulates of foreign governments such as Britain, Germany, Russia, and the Ottoman government established their headquarters in this city.

However, due to the development of the railway, this boosted development was transferred to Khorramshahr. Britain occupied Bushehr twice during history, and the local people organized the opposition against the foreign invaders.

The development of the old part of Bushehr slowed down about seventy years ago after World War I. The building materials supplied by Africa and India were less accessible and the main inhabitants of the city began to leave and migrate to other parts of the country.

source: https://www.destinationiran.com/


Copyright Persian Gulf University of Bushehr